Confused About the Symptoms of the Flu or the New Coronavirus? Read Here
With different respiratory viruses causing similar symptoms, it can be hard to tell whether you have a cold, the flu or something much rarer but more serious, like the Novel Coronavirus (the virus is SARS-CoV-2, and the illness it causes is called COVID-19). The symptoms of the flu – cough, shortness of breath, and fever – are also the symptoms of the new coronavirus. But unless you’ve recently traveled to Wuhan or any other place in China, Iran, Italy, Korea, or Japan, or have had close contact with someone infected, the risk of contracting coronavirus in the U.S. is still low.
As this new strain of the coronavirus was originated in Wuhan, it was being called the “Wuhan virus” or “Chinese coronavirus” but the World Health Organization (WHO) changed to designation of the illness on 2/11/20 to COVID-19: “…we had to find a name that did not refer to a geographical location, an animal, an individual, or group of people, and which is also pronounceable and related to the disease.” A number of racist incidents around the globe, as well as dramatic impacts on economies, have occurred since the outbreak, related in part to indiscriminate use of the prior name.
This is an evolving situation, and recommendations from the Center for Disease Control (CDC) will be updated as more reliable information becomes available.
What Is the Coronavirus?
The coronavirus is a respiratory virus that causes a fever, cough, and shortness of breath. The virus gets its name due to the virus being shaped like a small crown. While most versions of the coronavirus are harmless and pass through quickly, other forms can be deadly, including the serious MERS and SARs subtypes.
Primary symptoms of the 2019-nCoV include:
Symptoms can range from mild to severe. This often depends on the person's general health and how strong their immune system is. People older than 60 and those with chronic conditions like diabetes, asthma, emphysema, or kidney and liver problems are at higher risk for a more severe illness.
How Similar and Different Are the Coronavirus Symptoms Compared to Other Illnesses?
There are several similarities between the common cold, the flu, and the latest coronavirus. In addition to many of their symptoms overlapping (although runny nose, sneezing and watery eyes are more consistent with the common cold), they are also similar that most infected patients will have mild disease, with the most at risk for serious problems being those with other medical conditions.
The main differentiating feature at this time is travel to, or close contact with someone infected from an epidemic region.
More on The Flu: Types of Flu: Causes, Symptoms, & Prevention Tips
Why Is the Coronavirus So Dangerous?
While the science is advancing rapidly, there is currently no established treatment for COVID-19, nor vaccine for prevention. Antibiotics and anti-influenza medications do not treat the coronavirus.
Who Has the Highest Risk of Contracting the New Coronavirus?
The elderly or anyone with a lowered or compromised immune system appear to be more susceptible to the disease. But the main risk factor still remains travel to or from areas where COVID-19 is more widespread.
Preventing the Coronavirus
Understanding the novel coronavirus situation is the best way to protect yourself.
- Keep track of outbreaks: Stay informed of reputable sources of information about the virus; OC Health and the CDC will be your best bet. Resist the temptation to focus on headline-grabbing media as opposed to medical sources, which can focus more on sensationalism than accuracy.
- Limit travel to epidemic regions: Largely addressed by current airline and travel advisories, limit non-essential travel to China until further notice.
If you are an Orange County resident and want to learn more about your cold or flu-like symptoms that you may be dealing with currently, you can call one of our urgent care centers in OC for more information about what you should do.
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