Orange County Health Care Agency confirmed the first case of influenza A on Monday, Oct.7 when a Cypress man in his 80s was tested positive for the virus. In the 2018-19 flu season, the Agency reported 16 deaths from influenza, out of 6,050 reported cases. Health officials are expecting that this year’s flu season is going to be longer and deadlier, and are advising earlier vaccination for improved immunity against the flu virus. The flu season usually peaks in February starting from December. That’s why it’s important to get vaccinated early so that your immunity is improved and you can stay protected.
Here’s what you should know about the flu - its causes, symptoms, treatment, and prevention.
There are mainly three types of influenza virus- A, B, and C. Influenza viruses A and B cause epidemics every winter, while virus C causes mild respiratory problems. Virus A is further divided into subtypes, and both A & B viruses are further classified into different strains.
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The flu virus is contagious and can be spread from one person to another through small particles or droplets in a cough or sneeze of the infected person. It can also spread through contaminated surfaces and in crowded places, such as offices or schools.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), young children, older people, pregnant women and people with chronic health conditions are at a great risk of acquiring the flu.
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It"s very common for people to get the flu and a cold confused. Both flu and cold symptoms may include a sore throat, runny nose, and cough. The following table will help you understand the difference between cold and flu.
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Symptoms of influenza A may be moderate to severe and vary from person to person. A person suffering from influenza A may show some or all of the following symptoms:
Influenza B is similar to influenza A, and shares some common symptoms. However, influenza B has milder symptoms. The following are some of the symptoms of influenza B:
Most people infected with influenza recover within 1-2 weeks without any medical treatment. The following will help in the treatment of flu:
However, it's important to consult a doctor before trying any self-remedies.
The best way to prevent flu is to prevent germs from spreading. Healthy habits can help ward off influenza viruses. Follow these tips to avoid getting infected with influenza viruses A & B:
If you or your family member develops any flu symptoms, visit a doctor or a family care center near you (Fountain Valley Urgent Care, Woodbridge WalkIn, Costa Mesa Urgent Care) for effective treatment or prevention.
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